Gum Disease and Periodontics

Gum Disease and Periodontics

Gum disease is a serious infection in gums and jawbone that damages the root of our teeth and causes fallen tooth. Gum disease is categorized into two stages one is Gingivitis, and other is the periodontal disease. Gingivitis and periodontal are both belong to the same root known as periodontitis or Gum disease. It is a bacterial infection in the gums and tissues which supports the teeth and works as the root of the teeth. Gum disease is most probably caused by an adhesive substance present in our mouth which is known as plaque and tartar.


Gingivitis is known as the mildest form of gum disease, and it only affects the gum of our teeth. Gingivitis makes our gums swollen, red and they started bleeding. However, you may not feel any discomfort in gingivitis. The factors that may cause Gingivitis are genetic issues, hormonal infection, smoking, diabetes and aging, and other more factors.


Periodontitis or periodontal disease is the more advanced form of Gingivitis. This causes because the plaque present in your mouth during the Gingivitis is now spread in your entire gum area and started producing toxins and other harmful bacteria. These toxins are highly irritated and inflammatory in the gum areas, and your gums become more swollen. After some time, the gums started separating from the teeth, and you may experience fallen tooth with bleeding gums.

Gum Disease Symptoms

There are many early symptoms which you can observe in gum disease. If you are not cleaning or brushing your teeth regularly, then you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding from the gums while brushing your teeth.
  • Gums became red and started swelling.
  • Feel pain while chewing food and experience bad breath.
  • Gums started receding from your teeth.
  • The tooth may start falling or missing.

Gum Disease Treatment

There are numerous ways for gum disease treatment, and the treatment entirely depends upon the conditions of oral disease which are categories as Non-surgical treatment and surgical treatment.

Non-surgical Treatment

Non-Surgical treatment includes dental cleaning process which is done by a professional dentist. A professional dentist removes the plaque and tartar from the gums and teeth. So, if you are having some of the symptoms mentioned above, then you should consult a dentist for professional cleaning of your teeth. Non-surgical treatment also has a scaling process in which the roots and gums of your teeth are being scrapped after the removal of plaque or tartar.

Surgical Treatment

Surgical treatment includes numerous procedures such as bone graft, soft tissue grafts, bone surgery, and pocket reduction surgery. In pocket reduction surgery, after the removal of plaque and tartar gums are being lifted and the gap between the teeth and gum is being reduced to give more support to your teeth. This process helps in reducing the decrement of bacteria and other harmful diseases.